Open contracting in Mexico

Mexico has been at the forefront of innovation and collaboration around open contracting. It has been one of the first countries to express an interest in implementing the Open Contracting Data Standard and was among the first countries to validate the standard in 2014. One of the widest commitment yet to make public contracts open by default came at the 2016 Anti-Corruption Summit in London.

The following initiatives are part of this wave of open contracting innovation at the national level in Mexico, driven by the Mexican Government and civil society.

  1. Starting in 2014, Mexico explored open contracting with the World Bank and the Open Contracting Partnership (resulting in a handy dashboard) at the Open Government Summit. On October 2015, President Enrique Peña Nieto made a high-level commitment to implement the Open Contracting Data Standard in the for New International airport of Mexico City –the 5th largest infrastructure project in the world–  with the first data released the following March. This came hand in hand with a broader commitment to open data and steering the development of the Open Data Charter.
  2. The London Anti-Corruption Summit in 2016, led to the creation of the Contracting 5, a new group of leaders in open contracting, including Colombia, France, Mexico Ukraine, and the UK, to work towards country-level learning on the implementation of open contracting is well shared and available to other nations’ embarking on this approach.
  3. As part of its open contracting commitments, Mexico will be exploring open contracting in health procurement and the energy sector, through the first round of tenders of oil exploration and exploitation “Ronda 1”.
  4. A pilot is underway using the Open Contracting Data Standard for the largest telecommunication investment in Mexico’s history:  Red Compartida. This is the first time a country is using the standard to publish all information of this Public Private Partnership (PPP) in open data, and Mexico has been working with the World Bank and the Open Contracting Partnership to inform the development of a OCDS-PPP extension.
  5. Mexico published the first iteration of the Open Contracting Data Standard in November 2017. The Mexican Federal Government launched the information about the contracting processes of the Public Administration with a collaborative effort among the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, the Ministry of Public Administration and the President’s Office Coordination of the National Digital Strategy. The implementation includes both the API hosted in Datos.gob.mx as well as the open contracting portal, which shows, through dynamic visualizations filters, an easy-to-use interphase to ensure effective access to public procurement information, as well as its impact in public spending and governmental performance.

This effort involves Transparencia Mexicana and constitutionally autonomous institutions such as the Mexican Institute of Access to Information (INAI), who  have been crucial in building this more open, transparent and fairer society jointly. Mexico’s Social Witness regulation embeds civil society as monitors in the public procurement process.

Innovations

  • Linkage with other national information schemes: The Open Contracting Portal links contracting procedures in the Federal Public Administration with the budgetary data through categories from the Open Fiscal Data Package as well as with performance data like indicators and independent evaluations.
  • Linkage with international initiatives: Since September 2016, Mexico implements the Open Fiscal Data Package. Mexico is currently working withthe helpdesk to link the fiscal data package to the OCDS towards an official extension of the standard.